Nonviolent Action Strategy: Lessons from Bahrain’s Demonstration Movement – By Loghman Fattahi

Analyzing the relationship between maximum participation and pillars of support for the regime, this paper argues that the nonviolent action movement’s failure to unite Bahrain’s Sunni and Shiite sects inhibited its ability to fully maximize individual and collective participation in demonstrations against the rule of the al-Khalifa dynasty. This failure to unite the two main religious sects ultimately undercut the ability of activists to strategically plan and to preserve the nonviolent discipline of demonstrators. As a result, the regime retained its pillar of support among Sunnis and managed to contain the nonviolent movement in the short-term.
Loghman Fattahi is a first-year Master’s candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, concentrating in International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. He received his BSFS from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Ma 2011.

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