The Pakistan Earthquake: An Agent of Social and Political Change – by Shamineh S. Byramji

Disasters, natural or man‐made, are horrific events that destroy lives, disrupt the social, economic, and political fabric of communities, and can erase decades of development gains, sometimes in a matter of minutes.1 The daunting aspect of disasters is their potential magnitude and their indiscrimination to affect everything and everyone in its path. But it is […]

A Conversation with Dr. Kenneth M. Pollack – by Daniel Benaim

Kenneth M. Pollack is Director of Research at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy and Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies at The Brookings Institution. He served as Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs and Director for Persian Gulf Affairs on the U.S. National Security Council and as a CIA military analyst […]

The Arrival of Islamic Fundamentalism in Sudan – by Lorenzo Vidino

Most studies analyzing the history of al‐Qaeda have focused on the importance of Afghanistan which, under Taliban rule, became the quintessential sanctuary for a terrorist organization. Yet it can be argued that Sudan had an almost equally important role in al‐ Qaeda’s formation. During the first half of the 1990s, when al‐Qaeda was still taking […]

The Dynamics of Globalization and the Uncertain Future of Iran: An Examination of Iranians in Dubai – by Jonathan Thomas

To understand the complex challenges facing the Gulf region properly, it is important to examine not just the dynamics of aggression but also the dynamics of integration and globalization. Due to multiple causes and systemic pressures, Dubai — an economically developed and integrated actor in the global economy — has become home for a substantial […]

Tajikistan Peace Negotiations – by Conor McAuliffe

The 1997 peace accord that ended Tajikistan’s civil war was the culmination of a hard‐fought, three‐year‐long negotiation process – a process characterized by extended periods of deadlock, often interrupted by spasms of violence between the warring parties. The United Nations‐sponsored talks dragged on for two and a half years before internal and external forces combined […]

Processing Democracy: Turkey and the Kurds – by Geoffrey Gresh

The European Union’s (EU) final decision to permit Turkey’s accession talks in October 2005 ushered in a new period of hope, prosperity, and democracy for Turkey’s diverse multiethnic population. Since 1999 when Turkey was finally approved as an applicant country to the EU after several decades of waiting, it has embarked on an ambitious program […]