The Role of Leadership and Rhetoric in Identity Politics: Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), a Case Study – By Bilal Baloch

This paper uses the speeches of Altaf Hussain, the political and spiritual leader of The Muttahida Qaumi Movement, as a lens for examining MQM ideologyand its development. The framework to carry outthe analysis are divided into three phases: (i)1985-1992, defining ideology; (ii) 1993-2002, exile and development; (iii) 2003-2010, gaining legitimacy. This paper concludes that, while […]