Nonviolent Action Strategy: Lessons from Bahrain’s Demonstration Movement – By Loghman Fattahi

Analyzing the relationship between maximum participation and pillars of support for the regime, this paper argues that the nonviolent action movement’s failure to unite Bahrain’s Sunni and Shiite sects inhibited its ability to fully maximize individual and collective participation in demonstrations against the rule of the al-Khalifa dynasty. This failure to unite the two main […]

From Coexistence to Cleansing: The Rise of Sectarian Violence in Baghdad, 2003-2007 – By Ches Thurber

This article will draw on first-person accounts to argue that sectarian violence in Baghdad appears to be less a result of an inherent inter-religious animus than a collective defensive reaction to the fear and vulnerability created in a time of war and political upheaval. Furthermore, it illustrates how the actions of two outside actors—the United […]